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Having a baby is an exciting time that often inspires women to make healthier lifestyle choices and, if needed, work toward a healthy body weight. By making changes now, you can get used to new lifestyle habits. Gaining an appropriate amount of weight during pregnancy helps your baby grow to a healthy size. But gaining too much or too little weight may lead to serious health problems for you and your baby.
According to experts , gaining too much weight during pregnancy raises your chances for developing gestational diabetes diabetes during pregnancy and high blood pressure during pregnancy. It also increases your risk for type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure later in life. You could also be more likely to have a cesarean section C-section. Gaining a healthy amount of weight helps you have an easier pregnancy and delivery. It may also help make it easier for you to get back to your normal weight after delivery. Research shows that recommended amounts of weight gain during pregnancy can also lower the chances that you or your child will have obesity and weight-related problems later in life.
How much weight you should gain depends on your body mass index BMI before pregnancy. BMI is a measure of your weight in relation to your height. You can use a formula to calculate your BMI online. The following rate of weight gain is advised. Talk to your health care professional about how much weight gain is appropriate for you. Work with him or her to set goals for your weight gain.
Take into your age, weight, and health. Track your weight at home or when you visit your health care professional. Your baby needs to be exposed to healthy foods and low-calorie beverages particularly water to grow properly. Some women may lose a small amount of weight at the start of pregnancy.
Speak to your health care professional if this happens to you. Consuming healthy foods and low-calorie beverages, particularly water, and the appropriate of calories may help you and your baby gain the proper amount of weight. How much food and how many calories you need depends on things such as your weight before pregnancy, your age, and how quickly you gain weight.
Check with your health care professional about your weight gain. A healthy eating plan for pregnancy includes nutrient-rich foods and beverages. The — Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend these foods and beverages each day. A healthy eating plan also limits salt, solid fats such as butter, lard, and shortening , and sugar-sweetened drinks and foods. Does your eating plan measure up? How can you improve your habits? Try consuming fruit like berries or a banana with hot or cold cereal for breakfast; a salad with beans or tofu or other non-meat protein for lunch; and a lean serving of meat, chicken, turkey, or fish and steamed vegetables for dinner.
Think about new, healthful foods and beverages you can try. Write down your ideas and share them with your health care professional. For more about healthy eating, see the MyPlate Daily Checklist. It can help you make an eating plan for each trimester 3 months of your pregnancy. A vegetarian eating plan during pregnancy can be healthy. Your health care professional may also tell you to take vitamins and minerals that will help you meet your needs. Getting the appropriate amount of folate is very important. Folate, a B vitamin also known as folic acid, may help prevent birth defects.
Before pregnancy, you need mcg per day from supplements or fortified foods, in addition to the folate you get naturally from foods and beverages. During pregnancy, you need mcg. While breastfeeding, you need mcg of folate per day.
Most health care professionals tell women who are pregnant to take a prenatal vitamin every day and consume healthy foods, snacks, and beverages. Ask your doctor about what you should take. Pregnancy can create some new food, beverage, and eating concerns. Meet the needs of your body and be more comfortable with these tips. Check with your health care professional with any concerns. Almost all women can and should be physically active during pregnancy. According to current physical activity guidelines PDF, There's also some evidence that physical activity may reduce the risk of problems during pregnancy such as preeclampsia high blood pressure during pregnancy , reduce the length of labor and postpartum recovery, and reduce the risk of having a cesarean section or C-section.
If you were physically active before you became pregnant, you may not need to change your exercise habits. Talk with your health care professional about how to change your workouts during pregnancy. Keep reading for tips about how you can work around these hurdles and be physically active.
According to current guidelines PDF, Aim for at least minutes a week of moderate-intensity aerobic activity. Aerobic activities—also called endurance or cardio activities—use large muscle groups back, chest, and legs to increase your heart rate and breathing. Brisk walking is a form of aerobic activity. Here are some tips. Some of these are listed below. Talk to your health care professional about other physical activities you should not do.
After you deliver your baby, your health may be better if you try to return to a healthy weight slowly. Slowly returning to a healthy weight may lower your chances of diabetes, heart disease , and other weight-related problems. Healthy eating, regular physical activity, adequate sleep, and other healthy habits after your baby is born may help you return to a healthy weight and give you energy.
Also, physical activity does not appear to have bad effects on how much breast milk is produced, what the breast milk contains, or how much the baby grows. Breastfeeding may or may not make it easier for you to lose weight because your body uses extra calories to produce milk. For mothers who breastfeed, experts advise feeding their babies only breast milk for the first 6 months—no other foods or drinks during this time. Experts suggest that those women continue breastfeeding at least until their baby reaches 12 months.
Talk with your health care professional about your calorie needs while you are breastfeeding. Pregnancy and the time after you deliver your baby can be wonderful, exciting, emotional, stressful, and tiring—all at once. These feelings may cause you to overeat, not get enough calories, or lose your drive and energy. Being good to yourself may help you cope with your feelings and follow healthy lifestyle habits. The NIDDK translates and disseminates research findings to increase knowledge and understanding about health and disease among patients, health professionals, and the public.
Healthy Weight Why is gaining a healthy amount of weight during pregnancy important? How much weight should I gain during my pregnancy? The general weight-gain advice below is for women having only one baby. The following rate of weight gain is advised 1 to 4 pounds total in the first 3 months 2 to 4 pounds each month from 4 months until delivery Talk to your health care professional about how much weight gain is appropriate for you.
Healthy Eating How much should I eat and drink? What kinds of foods and beverages should I consume? Fruit, colorful vegetables, beans, fish, and low-fat dairy are rich sources of nutrients needed during pregnancy. A meal of steamed veggies and grilled chicken breast contains nutrients without too many calories. During pregnancy, you need more vitamins and minerals such as folate, iron, and calcium. What other new habits may help my weight gain?
Eat breakfast every day. If you feel sick to your stomach in the morning, try dry whole-wheat toast or whole-grain crackers when you first wake up. Eat them even before you get out of bed. Eat the rest of your breakfast fruit, oatmeal, hot or cold cereal, or other foods later in the morning. Eat high-fiber foods. Eating high-fiber foods, drinking water, and getting daily physical activity may help prevent constipation.
Try to eat whole-grain cereals, brown rice, vegetables, fruits, and beans. If you have heartburn , eat small meals spread throughout the day. Try to eat slowly and avoid spicy and fatty foods such as hot peppers or fried chicken. Have drinks between meals instead of with meals.
High-fiber foods like beans help prevent constipation during pregnancy. What foods and drinks should I avoid? Do not drink alcohol, such as wine, beer, or hard liquor. Enjoy decaf coffee or tea, drinks not sweetened with sugar, or water with a dash of juice.
Avoid diet drinks, and limit drinks with caffeine to less than mg per day—the amount in about 12 ounces of coffee. Limit white albacore tuna to 6 ounces per week. Do not eat king mackerel, marlin, orange roughy, shark, swordfish, or tilefish. To get the helpful nutrients in fish and shellfish, you may eat up to 12 ounces of seafood per week, choosing from many safe seafood choices PDF, Avoid soft cheeses made from unpasteurized or raw milk; raw cookie dough; undercooked meats, eggs, and seafood; and deli sal.
Take care in choosing and preparing lunch meats, egg dishes, and meat spre. Anything that is not food. Some pregnant women may crave something that is not food, such as laundry starch, clay, ashes, or paint chips. He or she can help you get the right amount of nutrients. Physical Activity Should I be physically active during my pregnancy?
How much and what type of physical activity do I need? How can I stay active while pregnant? Go for a walk where you live, in a local park, or in a shopping mall with a family member or friend. If you already have children, take them with you and make it a family outing. Get up and move around at least once an hour if you sit most of the day.
When watching TV or sitting at your computer, get up and move around. Even a simple activity like walking in place can help. Make a plan to be active while pregnant. Think of the days and times you could do each activity on your list, such as first thing in the morning, during your lunch break from work, after dinner, or on Saturday afternoon. Look at your calendar or phone or other device to find the days and times that work best and commit to those plans. How can I stay safe while being active?Shouldn t be this hard sugar sexy women over 40 searching
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