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This appendix lists direct English translations of Latin phrases. Some of the phrases are themselves translations of Greek phrases, as Greek rhetoric and literature reached its peak centuries before that of Ancient Rome:. This list is a combination of the three divided s, for users who have no trouble loading large s and prefer a single to scroll or search through. The contents of the list cannot be edited here, and are kept automatically in synch with the divided lists A-E , F-O and P-Z through template inclusion.
Literal quotation from William Shakespeare 's Julius Caesar. He renders as Latin in an English play what was originally quoted as Greek supposedly spoken by a Roman. But Plutarch quotes Caesar as saying, Kai su, teknon? However it is unlikely that Caesar actually said these words. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. A [ edit ] Latin Translation Notes a bene placito "from one who has been pleased well" Or "at will", "at one's pleasure".
This phrase is synonymous with the more common ad libitum "at pleasure". In law, can refer to the obsolete cuius est solum eius est usque ad coelum et ad inferos maxim of property ownership. Equally a pedibus usque ad caput. An argumentum a contrario is an "argument from the contrary", an argument or proof by contrast or direct opposite.
From Gaius Lucilius Satires , 6, a fortiori "from the stronger" Loosely, "even more so" or "with even stronger reason". Often used to lead from a less certain proposition to a more evident corollary. National motto of Canada. Similar to the English expressions "from tip to toe" or "from top to toe".
Equally a capite ad calcem. See also ab ovo usque ad mala. Used in mathematics and logic to denote something that is known after a proof has been carried out. In philosophy, used to denote something that can be known from empirical experience. Used in mathematics and logic to denote something that is known or postulated before a proof has been carried out.
In philosophy, used to denote something that can be known without empirical experience. In everyday speech, it denotes something occurring or being known before the event. Not to be confused with a reductio ad absurdum , which is usually a valid logical argument.
Rights abused are still rights cf. Thus, "from time immemorial", "since the beginning of time" or "from an infinitely remote time in the past". In theology, often indicates something, such as the universe, that was created outside of time. From external sources, rather than from the self or the mind ab intra. Attributed to Julius Caesar. Can mean "with deepest affection" or "sincerely". An argumentum ab inconvenienti is one based on the difficulties involved in pursuing a line of reasoning, and is thus a form of appeal to consequences; it refers to a rule in law that an argument from inconvenience has great weight.
In literature, refers to a story told from the beginning rather than in medias res from the middle. In law, refers to something being the case from the start or from the instant of the act, rather than from when the court declared it so. A judicial declaration of the invalidity of a marriage ab initio is a nullity. In science, refers to the first principles.
In other contexts, often refers to beginner or training courses. Ab initio mundi means "from the beginning of the world". The opposite of ab extra. Used in law to describe a decision or action that is detrimental to those it affects and was made based on hatred or anger, rather than on reason. Means "from beginning to end", based on the Roman main meal typically beginning with an egg dish and ending with fruit.
Thus, ab ovo means "from the beginning", and can also connote thoroughness. Refers to situations where a single example or observation indicates a general or universal truth. Also rendered absit iniuria verbis "let injury be absent from these words".
Contrast with absit invidia. Unlike the English expression "no offense", absit invidia is intended to ward off jealous deities who might interpret a statement of excellence as hubris. An explanation of Livy's usage. Expresses the wish that something seemingly ill-boding does not turn out to be an omen for future events, and calls on divine protection against evil.
Abuse does not, in itself, justify denial of use. A very similar phrase is nemo tenetur seipsum accusare. A common title of works in hagiography. Thus, the external elements of a crime, as contrasted with mens rea , the internal elements. See also reductio ad absurdum. Not to be confused with ab absurdo "from the absurd". Also used commonly, as an equivalent of "as if this wasn't enough".
A professor told him that he would be an author when pigs flew. Every book he wrote is printed with this inia. Often used of politicians who make false or insincere promises to appeal to popular interest. An argumentum ad captandum is an argument deed to please the crowd. It is not an honorary degree, but a recognition of the formal learning that earned the degree at another college.
Also used in the Protestant Reformation. Typically used in argumentum ad hominem , a logical fallacy consisting of criticizing a person when the subject of debate is the person's ideas or argument, on the mistaken assumption that the validity of an argument is to some degree dependent on the qualities of the proponent.
Used to deate a property which repeats in all cases in mathematical proof. The phrase means "never" and is similar to phrases like " when pigs fly ". The Kalends were specific days of the Roman calendar, not of the Greek, and so the "Greek Kalends" would never occur. It typically indicates in music partitures and theatrical scripts that the performer has the liberty to change or omit something.
An individual who acts in this capacity is called a guardian ad litem. Patricks College, Cavan, Ireland ad mortem "to death" used in medical contexts as a synonym for death. Similar to the English expression "many happy returns! An argumentum ad nauseam is a logical fallacy involving basing one's argument on prolonged repetition, i.
Similar to the English idiom "to the letter", meaning "to the last detail". The abbreviation was historically used by physicians and others to ify that the last prescribed ingredient is to weigh as much as all of the ly mentioned ones. The phrase is used in tort law as a measure of damages inflicted, implying that a remedy , if one exists, ought to correspond specifically and only to the damage suffered cf. Not necessarily related to a referendum. Without digression. Also rarely in usum Delphini "into the use of the Dauphin ".
Used in commerce to refer to ad valorem taxes, taxes based on the assessed value of real estate or personal property. A common Biblical phrase. When the mind has the same form as reality, we think truth. Also found as adequatio rei et intellectus. Loosely, "troubled dreams".
Appeared on portraits, gravestones, etc. Sometimes extended to anno aetatis suae AAS , "in the year of his age". Sometimes shortened to just aetatis aet. Suetonius actually uses it in the future imperative "Alea iacta esto": "Let the die be cast". Another university term, matriculation , is also derived from mater. The term suggests that the students are "fed" knowledge and taken care of by the university. Can be used to describe different facets or identities of a single character, or different characters who seem representations of the same personality.
Often used of a fictional character 's secret identity. De ranis a Iove querentibus regem". Motto of Paracelsus. Usually attributed to Cicero. Mackay, Australian Analyst. Indicates a year counted from the traditional date birth of Jesus Christ , which is the predominantly used system for dating years across the world. It has since been used to refer to other years, especially to , when Albert Einstein made equally revolutionary discoveries concerning the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion and the special theory of relativity.
Used on pharmaceutical prescriptions. Less common is post prandium , "after lunch". A list of other readings relating to a document, especially in a scholarly edition of a text. Used to refer to various native distilled beverages , such as whisky in Scotland and Ireland, gin in Holland, brandy eau de vie in France, and akvavit in Scandinavia. Wasted labour. Said of Petronius.Hispanic top looking for a Bear`s Passage, Ontario
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Origin of the names of Canada and its provinces and territories